The emphasis in Snowdonia is on restoring peat bogs which help capture carbon, reduce flooding and promote biodiversity.
The latest project will an area of blanket bog restored in Rhyd-ddu.
The peat bog had been damaged by past practices such as intensive drainage and repeated burning. Despite this the peat body remains intacts and key species required for peat growth, such as sphagnum or peat moss, can still be found but its water and plant life needs to be restored.
The project is helping to educate local school children about the importance of ecosystems and their impact on the biodiversity of our countryside. It demonstrates the contribution that such areas of peat bog make to a range of ecosystem services including water quality, flood alleviation, carbon sequestration and biodiversity.
Back in 2003, Snowdonia National Park embarked on a wide-ranging project to conserve and enhance 4,293 hectares of land in the park with the aim of:
One aspect of the £5.5m Rhaglen Tir Eryri scheme involved restoring 10 hectares of peat bogs to their natural 'boggy' state.
This simple-sounding process has far-reaching consequences.
Restoring the upland 'blanket bog' by ridding it of connifers has helped encourage biodiversity and offset the effects of climate change by re-establishing the peat as an effective carbon store.
Snowdonia's blanket peat bogs account for 30 per cent of Wales' total, so work on restoring a section of these has a major impact on the country's ability to capture and store carbon in the way nature intended.
It also has an impact on flood run-off - peat bogs can soak up heavy rains which otherwise flood local rivers.
Three gangs of 10 contractors worked on the privately-owned land from Mar 2006 to January 2007 (in the winter months only) to cut the connifers.
This had to be done by hand because of difficult access to the site, and to avoid damaging the sensitive habitats with heavy forestry machinery.
Contractors then laid the felled spruce cuttings in 'grips' - channels that had previously been cut in the peat bog to drain it for agricultural use.
By laying brash (foliage) in the grips, the dried-out soil was given a chance to become 're-wetted', as water collected and allowed traditional bog mosses to redevelop.
It will take many more years to restore the land fully, but already heather (Calluna vulgaris), hare's tail cotton grass (Eriophorum vaginatum) and Sphagnum mosses (such as Sphagnum capillifolium) have been re-established on the site.