There are lots of different conflicts between different uses of the land in National Parks. Using the aims and purposes of National Parks as their guide, and working with all the different groups involved, National Park Authorities work to resolve these conflicts.
Here are just a few examples of conflicts, with links to see the different viewpoints and how the topics are shown in the news media.
The byelaws on the East shore of Loch Lomond are camping restrictions that are in place from 1 March to 31 October. They mean that it is an offence to camp in the East Loch Lomond restricted zone at any time of day or night, except if you are using one of the official designated sites at Millarochy Bay, Cashel and Sallochy. The bye-laws are aimed at protecting the areas on the Eastern Shore after increasing concerns about the amount of rubbish being left behind by wild campers, as well as human waste and anti-social behaviour that is disturbing locals.
However the bye-laws have been met by opposition from ramblers, outdoor sports enthusiasts and other members of the public who claim that the laws punish those who camp responsibly. There are also those who argue that it goes against the Scottish Land Reform Act of 2003.
York Potash applied for a potash mine just outside Whitby, in the North York Moors National Park. Some local communities and businesses supported the mine, as it would create a range of new jobs in the area. But opponents said that having heavy industry and more traffic from the mine trucks in the area would affect tourism and so could hurt the local economy. The North York Moors National Park Authority had been working with York Potash and commissioned a number of reports to fully understand the impact the mine would have. They decided that the mine could be built at a public meeting on 30 June 2015.
Some small lanes in National Parks legally allow motorised vehicles to access them. But when groups of 4x4s travel especially to ride along these so called 'green lanes' for their recreation, they can cause erosion and disturb walkers, cyclists, horse riders and local residents. The Peak District National Park has responded to local communities and visitors who wish to stop 4x4s using these lanes by applying for 'Traffic Regulation Orders' to stop motorised vehicles having access, which the 4x4 users object to.
Honister slate mine, a popular tourist attraction which already includes a Via Ferrata and underground caving, applied for planning permission for a zip wire, to attract more tourists to the area, which could have resulted in more local jobs. The planning officers at the Lake District National Park supported their plans, after they revised them to lower the starting point, but the planning committee refused permission after objections that it wasn't in keeping with the tranquillity of the area.
Camping is a popular accommodation choice for visitors to Snowdonia with many campsites dotted around the area. Beddgelert Forest has offered camping facilities in the forest since the 1930’s. Forest Holidays (a joint venture between the Forestry Commission and the private equity firm LDC) now want to change the existing site to offer ‘Cabin accommodation’ within the forest. They argure that the cabins will bring in families that will spend a lot of money in the local area. Locals object as they see a redcution in the number of touring and camping pitches. The original scheme has been amended. The National Park Authority has not yet decided on this application.
The river Conwy is the largest river to the north of the Snowdonia National Park. With its source on the Migneint moor, the river flows to the sea at Conwy. Popular with anglers and canoeists the river passes over Rhaeadr y Graiglwyd (Conwy falls) and through Ffos Anoddun (the Fairy Glen) before it meanders slowly towards the coast. In 2013, a Hydro Electric power scheme was proposed for the river, utilising the natural drop in gradient to create electricity. There was support and opposition for the scheme. Whilst planning permission was originally refused prior to further answers being requested, the company has since withdrawn its application. They could however re-submit their application at any time.